We are very much familiar with a treatment called Root Canal Treatment or Endodontic treatment. It’s a procedure to remove the tooth’s pulp. A pulp is a part in the center of the tooth made up of nerve tissues and cells. The treatment is done only when this pulp get infected. When a tooth has a deep cavity, bacteria can enter the pulp. If it is not treated properly this bacteria can cause serious infections like loss of tooth itself. Some of the symptoms of this bacterial infections include swelling around your face and neck, a hole in your tooth, tooth pain etc.
A Root Canal treatment is usually done by an Endodontist or a general dentist. The treatment can be done within one or two visits or may be within some additional visits depending upon the infection. First the patient has to get a dental X-ray to know how much it is affected. The patient will also receive a local anesthesia to control the pain. Then a rubber like sheet is inserted in your mouth to keep the tooth clean. After removing the decay an opening is made through the visible part of the tooth (upper part) to get access to the pulp. The infected pulp is removed using a small dental instrument. After removing the infected pulp, the root canals are cleaned properly and allowed to fill later. For permanent filling, the tooth has to be cleaned from all infections and dried. For that a medicinal dressing is given for few days.. A prescription for antibiotics may be needed if the infection has spread beyond the tooth. Biting and chewing on the tooth should be avoided until the treatment is done. You may not need additional anesthesia for filling of the tooth. For filling the tooth, a paste and a rubber material is used and also a filling to protect root canals from saliva. Restoring your tooth is the final stage of root canal. This stage is usually done by keeping a crown (visible part) which is an artificial tooth but looks realistic. We have seen some people with golden tooth in films, especially some villains laughing loudly!!! Like this the crown can be made of gold or porcelain. Porcelain crown which is fused to metal can be tinted with the colour of other teeth. After the restoration your tooth should work normally and also it should be pleasing. It could last for a life time only when if you follow a good dental and oral hygiene. Your tooth may be sensitive for a few days after the treatment. If pain lasts for more than few days, talk to your dentist.
Root Canal treatment is so important because at times when a tooth gets infected, it would have to be extracted. But today, due to this treatment the infection can be cured without extracting. It is best to save your natural tooth than extracting it. Once the natural teeth are gone, it can’t be replaced by an original one. We have to look for some other alternative. This alternative tooth will have some limitations also. But there are different opinions regarding the safety of root canals. Some people say that it is painful. But it relieves the pain by removing the infected pulp. It’s probably more painful living with a decayed tooth. The other opinion regarding the safety is that, it causes illness. This opinion is based on the findings of Dr. Weston A. Price. He advocated tooth extraction over root canal. According to his findings it is said that bacteria from the root canal could enter the blood stream and travel to the body and create disease. The most common diseases found are circulatory and heart disease. The decision depends upon the patient. Choose the right dentist before the treatment. Root canal treatment is done by general dentist or Endodontist. An Endodontist is different from a general dentist. An Endodontist limits and specializes in root canal treatment. For that they must complete a 3 year post graduation course and get certificate. Right choosing of the dentist never creates any problem in future. Researchers have also found that patients with multiple root canal treatments had a 45 percent reduced risk of cancer.
Root Canal treatment is very much expensive all over the world when compared to India. It costs an average of $300 to $2000. But in India it’s an average of about Rs 4000 to Rs 5000. The cost of root canal depends upon the dentist, position of the tooth, number of roots, length of the roots, chair time and the technology used by the dentist. There are many famous dentists in India who is specialized in this treatment. People prefer India for Root Canal treatment as the cost is very much cheap when compared to other countries. When we come to Kerala, as it is known as the Gods own country is one of the world’s favorite holiday destinations. Kerala offers an international standard of hygiene and beauty care for all dental solutions and also at the same time it is extremely cost effective.